How to Write Accessible Forms

How to Write Accessible Forms

This tutorial can be viewed one part at a time or all in one page.

Let's Get Started

Note that everything you see in this tutorial is something I've seen "in the wild". I'm not making any of this up.

Maintain Valid HTML

Almost! Notice the first item in the drop-down is empty? That should never be. If you don't want the first item being one that you can select, then put a place-holder in there, and check for the value in form validation after submission.

<form method="POST" action="#" name="theForm" id="theForm">
<label for="username" style="color: #FF0000; background-color: #FFFFFF;"><b>Username:</b></label>
<input type="text" name="uname" id="username">
<label for="firstname" style="color: #FF0000; background-color: #FFFFFF;"><b>Full Name:</b></label>
<input type="text" name="fname" id="firstname" placeholder="Full names must consist only of letters, a dash, and no more than 3 spaces."/>
<label for="password1" style="color: #FF0000; background-color: #FFFFFF;"><b>Password:</b></label>
<input type="password" name="password" id="password1"/>
<div>Passwords should be at least 8 characters, contain numbers, upper and lower case letters and a special character. This way it will be hard for you to remember, but easy for a computer to guess.</div>
<label for="password2" style="color: #FF0000; background-color: #FFFFFF;"><b>Re-type Password:</b></label>
<input type="password" name="repassword" id="password2"/>
<br> <span><b>What's your gender:</b></span>
<input type="radio" name="gender" value="female">
<input type="radio" name="gender" value="male">
<label for="province"><b>Where do you live?:</b></label>
<select id="province" name="prov">
<option value="false">Select Province</option>
<option value="ab">Alberta:</option>
<option value="bc">British Columbia</option>
<option value="mn">Manitoba</option>
<option value="nfld">Newfoundland</option>
<option value="nb">New Brunswick</option>
<option value="nwt">Northwest Territories</option>
<option value="ns">Nova Scotia</option>
<option value="nv">Nunavit</option>
<option value="on">Ontario</option>
<option value="pei">Prince Edward Island</option>
<option value="qc">Quebec</option>
<option value="sk">Saskatchewan</option>
<option value="yk">Yukon</option>
<label for="comments"><b>Comments:</b></label>
<textarea id="comments" name="comments">Enter comments here.</textarea>
<input type="submit" onclick="return validateBetterThenSubmit();" value="Submit">
<label style="color: #FF0000; background-color: #FFFFFF;">
<input type="checkbox" name="agree"> <b>I have read the <a href="accessibleForms/tandc.php">Terms and Conditions</a> and I agree to comply with them.</b></label>
<div>All required fields were in red.</div>

See this example in action.